Byblos – Lebanon
The ancient city of Byblos, one of the oldest towns in the world, dating back at least 7,000 years had seen the rise and fall of nearly two dozen successive civilizations making this site one of the richest archeological areas in the country. Its a home to a medieval Roman port, which is one of the city’s tourist hubs, Byblos Castle, built by the crusaders in the 12th century and some other attractions including Egyptian temples, Phoenician Royal Necropolis and the Roman amphitheater.
Batroun – Lebanon
Located in Lebanon near the city of Batroun is the Mseilha Fort. The fort was built during the medieval times overlooking the Nahr El Jawz valley and is also called as the “Puy du Connetable”. The fort was originally built by the Crusaders in the Middle Ages and was rebuilt in the 17th century by Emir Fakhreddine II to protect the road from Tripoli to Beirut.
Abusir – Egypt
The necropolis of Memphis, the Old Kingdom’s capital, stretches 30km along the Nile including Abu-Rawash, Giza, Zawyet el-Aryan, Abu Ghurab, Abusir, Dahshur and Saqqara. Abusir, whose ancient name was Per-Usire or “Place of Osiris”, is the location of several pyramids from the 5th Dynasty and two solar or sun-temples. The complex is approximately 1.5 kilometer square and sits on a sedimentary plateau several kilometers north of Saqqara and, like it, served as one of the main elite cemeteries for the ancient Egyptian capital city of Memphis.
Saqqara – Egypt
The Great Step Pyramid Complex at Saqqara is one of those superstars of Egyptian monuments that is almost always on the itinerary of antiquity tours to Egypt, and for good reason. Few monuments hold a place in human history as significant as that of this Pyramid. It can be said without exaggeration that the Step Pyramid complex constitutes a milestone in the evolution of monumental stone architecture, both in Egypt and in the world as a whole.
Meidum – Egypt
At Meidum, 50 km south of Dashur, King Snefru (the first king of the 4th Dynasty) built Egypt’s first true, or straight-sided, pyramid. Because of its remoteness, it is not seen as part of the Memphite necropolis, which stretches from Abu Rawash to Dashur, even though one pyramid and several mastabas have been built there during the Old Kingdom.
Dahshur – Egypt
About 2km to the east of Snefru’s Bent Pyramid at Dahshur is one of a series of three Middle Kingdom pyramids, a dark ruined structure rising from the sand and looking more like a rocky outcrop than the remains of a pyramid. Often called the Black Pyramid, Amenemhet III’s monument was built with a core of dark unfired mudbrick, but without the stabilising stone framework of other structures of its type. Its strange shape is mostly due to the effects of weathering after its outer limestone layer was removed by robbers.
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Dahshur – Egypt
The Bent Pyramid was probably the first planned from the outset to be a true pyramid, with smooth sides. This represents a glorious period in the evolution of the pyramid, comparable to that when Djsoer’s architect, Imhotep, built the Step Pyramid at Saqqara. The Bent Pyramid was probably either the first or second of Snefru’s pyramids, depending on who built the Medium Pyramid. It was almost certainly built prior to his other project at Dahshur, the Red Pyramid.
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Dahshur – Egypt
Soon after the bend in the Bent Pyramid began to take shape, Snefru, one of the most prolific builders of Ancient Egypt, ordered another pyramid to be built nearby, the Red Pyramid. It would be Snefru’s third attempt at a classic, smooth-sided pyramid, and it was a charm—an elegant precursor to the Great Pyramids at Giza. Also known as the North Pyramid, it is the third largest pyramid in Egypt and one of the few whose interior is open to visitors.